Collision damage waiver typically includes third party, comprehensive, and collision damage waiver, with each type of cover offering a different form of protection. Here are details on each cover.
Motor vehicle liability insurance pays for personal injury and property damage that you accidentally cause to others with your vehicle. For example, if you accidentally crash into another car, injuring the driver and damaging their car, your liability insurance will pay medical bills and car repair costs up to the limits of your policy. Liability insurance also covers court judgments or settlements and legal defense costs if you are sued in a car accident.
Motor vehicle liability insurance is displayed as three numbers, e.g. e.g. 50/100/50. These numbers represent the maximum payout limit for each part of your liability insurance.
Translated, 50/100/50 means:
- 50 refers to $50,000 in personal injury liability per person injured in an accident.
- 100 refers to a total of $100,000 in personal injury liability for an automobile accident.
- 50 refers to $50,000 liability for property damage per accident.
Your state will have a minimum amount of liability insurance that you must carry. Most government minimums are inadequate, especially if you cause a serious accident or a multi-car accident. It is wise to buy higher limits like 100/300/100 to protect you and the assets that could be taken from you in a lawsuit.
Motor liability insurance only covers those you harm in a car accident. Liability insurance does not cover you, your passengers, or your vehicle.
Collision and comprehensive coverage
Collision Damage Waiver and Collision Damage Waiver are separate covers but are commonly sold together.
collision protection. Cost of repairing or replacing your car if it collides with another vehicle or object such as a fence or pole, regardless of fault. Collision insurance also pays if your vehicle breaks down, such as B. accidentally rolling down an embankment.
Comprehensive coverage. Pays for the repair or replacement of your car if it’s stolen or damaged by fire, vandalism, flood, hail, collision with an animal, severe weather or falling objects.
Suppose your car slides on ice and hits a guardrail. Collision insurance would pay for the damage to your car (and your liability insurance would pay for the crashed guardrail).
If your car is hailstormed and dented, your comprehensive insurance would pay for repairs.
Both collision and comprehensive insurance have a deductible, e.g. B. $500 or $1,000. The deductible is the amount that will be deducted from your claim check. For example, if accident repairs cost $1,500 and you have a $500 deductible, your insurance claim is $1,000.
Comprehensive insurance pays you for the depreciation of your vehicle if your car is totaled or stolen. The maximum damage payment for comprehensive and comprehensive insurance is the value of your car immediately before the accident or damage, minus your excess.
Collision and comprehensive insurance are not required by any state, but if your car is leased or borrowed, your lender will likely require you to have both coverages.
See also: Does car insurance cover snow and ice damage?
What other coverages can be included in comprehensive insurance?
Some states require other coverages to be part of an automobile insurance policy. General coverage required by law includes uninsured motorist coverage, personal injury coverage, and health insurance payment coverage.
Insurance coverage for uninsured drivers
Uninsured Motorist Insurance pays for medical expenses if you or your passengers are injured in an accident and the at-fault driver is uninsured. Depending on where you live and which policy you choose, it may also cover damage to your car if the driver at fault is uninsured.
Uninsured motorist coverage is sold in limits equal to your liability coverage. Insurance for uninsured drivers is required in some states and optional in others.
Personal injury protection and medical payments
Personal Injury Insurance (PIP) covers the medical expenses of you and your passengers, regardless of who caused the car accident. PIP insurance also pays for lost wages and replacement benefits such as childcare if you are unable to perform an essential job as a result of your injuries. Some states require PIP. In others it is optional or not offered.
Medical insurance (MedPay) helps you and your passengers pay medical bills related to a car accident, regardless of at-fault. It is required in some states, but optional in most if offered at all.
To expand your comprehensive motor insurance even further, there are other types of motor insurance that you can add. Optional coverages that give you extra protection include Rental Refund, Roadside Assistance and Gap Insurance.